|STRAIN > ROSE > PENDERGRAFT > MORGAN (W )||HVR1 Haplogroup||W|
|Kit # 4449. Rhoda Strain b. c1804-1808 NC or TN +1 John Rose > Ellen Rose b. 1832 IL, d. 1879 McDonald Co. MO + Wesley Powell Pendergraft > Martha Ann Pendergraft b. 1849 Barry Co. MO + Samuel Watson Morgan 1867 McDonald Co, MO.||HVR1 Mutations (Identical for all three participants)||16223T|
|STRAIN > BARNES > BROWN > BIRDSONG (W)|
|Kit # 4452. Mary A. Strain b. c.1806 NC + Thomas Barnes > Elender Barnes b. 1836 White Co. TN +1 John Brown > Mary Ann Brown b.1854 White Co. TN + William "Levi" Birdsong > Martha Catherine Birdsong b. 1877 AR, d. 1985 Riverside, CA (died at age 107 yrs).||HVR2 Mutations (Identical for all three particpants)||73G|
|STREIN > PERKINS > KERR > BRAY (W)|
|Kit # 23776. Louisa Strein, b. ca. 1817-1820 TN, d. aft. 1880 + Ephriam Perkins 1833 Gasconade Co, MO > Elender "Ellen" Perkins, b. 1836 MO, d. bet. 1880-1891 MO, + Isaac R. Kerr 1854 Lawrence Co, MO > Mary Jane Kerr b. ca. 1856 +1 John Bray > Bertha E. Bray b. ca. 1883 MO + James H. Cunningham.|
STRAIN > ROSE > PENDERGRAFT > MORGAN
STRAIN > BARNES > BROWN > BIRDSONG
STREIN > PERKINS > KERR > BRAY
This study was done in close collaboration with Ruby Earls Norton, and the report is written in the past tense because the original purpose has been accomplished. My goal was to identify the parents of my earliest known ancestor, Rhoda Strain, born ca. 1804, who married John Rose. Because the earliest record that has been found for Rhoda and John was their enumeration on the 1830 Sangamon County, IL, census, it seemed prudent to study the family of James Strain who lived only one household away, headed by an older couple with six children.
Ruby's ancestor, Thomas Jefferson Strain, Sr., married in Sangamon County in 1831. It had been assumed that this Thomas J. Strain, Sr., was one of the older sons in the household of James Strain on the 1830 census. Ruby had been researching prospective parents for Thomas Jefferson Strain, Sr., for over 30 years, and our queries led us to each other. We have since enjoyed over a decade of delightful friendship and productive research.
It appeared to us that the configuration of the James Strain family of the 1830 Sangamon County, IL, census closely resembled the family of James Strain on the 1820 White County, TN, census, and that it also closely resembled the seven children mentioned in the 1844 will of one James S. STREIN of Gasconade County, MO. This suspicion was heightened by the fact that of the seven given names listed as children in James S. Strein's will, Thomas Jefferson Strain, Sr., used all seven of them in naming his eight children, and Rhoda Strain Rose used four of them in naming her eight children (the names of two of her daughters are unknown, and she had only two sons).
The will of James S. STREIN was written 20 December 1844 and proved 2 January 1845. It mentioned his wife, Elenor, and four sons and three daughters: John, William, Thomas, Mary, Rhoda, James, and Louisa. An interesting feature of this will is that the children were not listed in birth order, their places of residence were not mentioned, and the married names of the three daughters were not given, although Louisa had clearly been married to Ephriam Perkins for over eleven years. John Strein, who received the bulk of the estate, was to provide for the care of his mother.
The three youngest children mentioned in the will, Louisa, William, and John, left paper trails. After exhausting all known traditional records, Ruby and I decided to embark on a DNA project that would encompass the entire family! Using mitochondrial DNA testing for the proven daughter and Y-chromosome testing for the two proven sons, we planned to locate appropriate descendents of these three people and compare their mitochondrial DNA and Y-chromosomes to appropriate descendents of the two daughters and two sons we believed were actually the older four children of James S. and Elenor Strein
Although the following persons were dispersed in geographic locality, and despite the difference in spelling of the surname, we believed that the children mentioned in this will are the same as those mentioned below:
The identical Y-chromosome matches of the descendents of James S. Strein, Thomas Jefferson Strain, Sr., and James Strain, in conjunction with the identical matches of proven daughter Louisa Strein Perkins with Rhoda Strain Rose and Mary Strain Barnes, leads to the conclusion that Ruby and I have established the identities of the children of James S. and Elenor Strein.
In our study, we were pleased to find a biography in Bates County, MO, for the prominent William P. H. Strein, which stated that he was born in White County, TN. We were also delighted to find John C. Strein's gravestone in the Callaway Cemetery in Vernon County, MO. John died in 1881, having married 2nd Mrs. Mary E. (Godfrey) Logan Hues two years previously. John's administrator was his son, James M. Strein, and James immediately spent $110 for a large marble tombstone for his parents. On the back of the stone was engraved the names of two deceased children, and "Elenor, mother of John C. Strein, Died Nov. 11, 1859."
Mrs. Logan Hughes Strein claimed that James was making unauthorized purchases and wasting the estate, and petitioned the Court to withdraw the letters of administration from James M. Strein. The dispute was resolved when her cousin (and step-son-in-law), Thomas "Benton" Dean, husband Nancy E. L. Strein, was appointed administrator. Although this expenditure was probably considered excessive at the time, we are very happy that it has preserved a part of the history of Elenor, wife of James S. Strein.
The results of the Y-chromosome study of James S. Strein, Thomas Jefferson Strain, Sr., and James Strain may be viewed at the above site: Strain-Strein Family. There is also an official Strain surname study, and the entire database of all male Strains who have tested may be seen at: Strain DNA Project.
The results of the three daughters of Elenor Strein are displayed on the above chart. Fortunately, this mtDNA is Haplogroup W, which is relatively uncommon. There has been one match with the above women in the ftDNA database. Correspondence with this lady's family revealed that the earliest known ancestor was Hattie Belle Montgomery, born between January 1874 and January 1877 in Virginia. She married George D. Williams, and they lived in Front Royal, Warren County, VA. Hattie died in the 1950's. Census records have been searched, but an obvious choice for the parents of Hattie has not been found. The location of her obituary in Front Royal, or her death certificate, would probably provide enough information so that deeper research on this maternal line could be undertaken.
In addition to the collaboration of Ruby Earls Norton, I would like to acknowledge the kind assistance of Edward Porter and Andrew Robertson, who have researched the descendents Anna C. Porter; and W. R. "Bill" Geary, Ted Strain, John Woods, Willard Strain, Marsha Hoffman Rising, and the late Lawrence C. Wood, who have generously shared their research on the Strains of the United States in the 1600's and 1700's.
Matches other than Participants representing Rhoda, Mary A., and Louisa Strain / Strein:
Last Updated on 10/18/2007
By Wallace W. Souder