DYS Numbers  
Kit # A                                                     Y Y               H
N                                                     G C C               A
C                                                     A A A               P
E                   3   3                             T             C C     L
S         3 3       8   8   4 4             4 4 4 4   A I I         D D     O
T 3 3   3 8 8 4 3 4 9 3 9 4 5 5 4 4 4 4 4 4 6 6 6 6 4 I I 4 6 5 5 Y Y 4 4 G
O 9 9 1 9 5 5 2 8 3 | 9 | 5 9 9 5 5 4 3 4 4 4 4 4 4 6 H     5 0 7 7   4 3 R
R 3 0 9 1 a b 6 8 9 1 2 2 8 a b 5 4 7 7 8 9 a b c d 0 4 a b 6 7 6 0 a b 2 8 P
  Group 1
73254 Isaac Lewis, b. ca. 1796 KY, d. 1851-59 IL 13 23 14 11 11 14 12 12 11 13 13 29 19 9 9 11 11 22 15 19 29 15 16 16 18 10 10 19 23 18 15 18 17 36 38 13 12 R1b1b2
18887 Daniel Johnson Lewis, Sr, b. 1799 Shelby Co, KY 13 23 14 11 11 14 12 12 11 13 13 29 19 9 9 11 11 22 15 19 29 15 16 16 18                         R1b1b2

The DYS Numbers in red have shown a faster mutation rate than the average, and therefore these markers are very helpful at splitting lineages into subsets, or branches, within a family tree. DYS 19 is also known as DYS 394. A Single Nucleotide Polymorphism (SNP) test, which is used to confirm the haplogroup, has been performed on the haplogroups written in bold, red print in the right hand column. It is necessary to do a SNP (commonly called “snip”) test for only one individual within a family group in order to determine the haplogroup for everyone in the group.

Copyright © January 2010
Mary Fern Souder

As can be seen from the matching results presented in the above Y-Chromosome chart, the paper trail that our family has developed over decades of research has been corroborated. Participant 73254 and Participant 18887 share their ancestry for the first three generations that are reported below. Their pedigrees diverge at the birth of two brothers, Isaac Lewis b. ca. 1796 and Daniel Johnson Lewis, b. 1799, both sons of John Lewis and Mary Ketcham. A brief summary of the pedigrees for each earliest known ancestor is listed below, followed by a short biography for each early ancestor:

Participant 73254: Thomas Lewis b.c. 1652 + Mary/Catherine, d. 1696 MD > John Lewis b.c. 1690 MD + Winiford Thomas, d. 1748 MD > John Lewis b.c. 1746 +2 Mary Ketcham, d.c. 1817 KY> Isaac Lewis b.c. 1796 KY +3 Elizabeth Neves, d.c. 1855 IL > Daniel Lewis b.c. 1834 IL + Lucretia Fields, d.c. 1912 MO > Daniel I. Lewis b. 1872 IL + Emeretta Frost, d. 1960 OK.

Participant 18887: Thomas Lewis b.c. 1652 + Mary/Catherine, d.c. 1796 MD > John Lewis b.c. 1690 MD + Winiford Thomas, d. 1748 MD > John Lewis b.c. 1746 +2 Mary Ketcham, d.c. 1817 KY> Daniel Johnson Lewis b. 1799 +2 Hariet Holstine, d. 1892 IA > Millard Filmore Lewis b. 1856 IA + Martha Ann Knight, d. 1908 CA.

Generation 1: Thomas Lewis was born ca. 1752, as indicated by a 1672 document stating that Thos. "Lues," age 20, was the servant of Richard Edelen. (Charles County (MD) Court and Land Records, Book #, No 1, p. 52). In 1687 Thomas registered his cattle mark in Charles County, and the following year he was mentioned in the will of Giles Blyzard. Gyles Blyzard wrote his will on 6 December 1867 and the will was proved 17 May7 1688. Giles left property to his wife Mary and daughters Susanna and Ann. To Thomas Lewis and Katherine, his wife, and their son, Richard, he left a lease of 200 acres during their lives. Some early Lewis researchers believe this will indicated that Katherine was the daughter of Giles Blyzard; others believe that since Gyles did not leave property outright to any member of the Lewis family, this indicated a business relationship between Gyles Blysard and Thomas Lewis, rather than a filial one. These Lewis researchers believe that Catherine/Katherine was actually the daughter of Richard Edelen who was Thomas' master in 1752.

On 19 July 1692 Thomas Lewis bought 250 acres in Charles County. (Charles County Land Book S, pp. 48-9). This property was one-half of a tract called Battessey (Battersea). "The town of Aire at Broad Creek was established at the landing of Thomas Lewis. This port developed into a sizable town. Stores and taverns were opened for business. The parish church was on an adjoining tract and was part of the community. In 1716 a pair of stocks and a whipping post were built there. The town name was later changed to Broad Creek, but has since disappeared." (Book Title Unknown), Family Group 584, Thomas Lewis of Prince Georges County, MD, p. 991.

Thomas Lewis of Prince Georges County, MD made his will on 22 March 1696 and it was recorded 3 June 1696. He made bequests to his wife Catherine and sons Richard, Thomas and John. Among other bequests, he mentioned 30 acres joining Broad Creek. (Maryland Calendar of Wills, Book 7, folio 150).

Generation 2: John Lewis, son of Thomas and Catherine Lewis was born ca. 1690 in Prince Georges County, MD. On 20 August 1711 he sold 50 acres formerly in Charles County, now in Prince Georges County, called Battersea, left to him by his father, Thomas Lewis, to Thomas Stonestreet, planter. (Prince Georges County Deed Book F, folio 101). A will for John Lewis has not been located but an inventory of his estate was made by his wife and administratrix, Winiford Lewis. (Accounts Book 26, folios 113-14). This inventory, dated 2 May 1748, stated that the children were Mary, John, Anne, and Priscilla, and that the eldest child was near 16 years of age. (Note that son Thomas Lewis was omitted, but was later mentioned in Winiford's will).

Winiford was the daughter of Daniel Thomas and his wife Ann, who each made wills in Prince George's County, and both mentioned their daughter Winiford Lewis. Ann Thomas appointed her son-in-law, John Lewis to be her sole administrator.

Winiford made her own will (date not available), but mentioned children Richard Adams, Thomas Lewis, John Lewis, Mary Eathy, Ann Calvert, and Priscilla Jinkin, deceased. Winiford died ca. 1748 in Prince Georges County, MD, and her estate records are included in Book T1, folio 405.

Generation 3: John Lewis, son of John Lewis and Winiford Thomas, was born ca. 1735 in Prince Georges County, MD. The "Diary of the John Lewis Family," owned by Mrs. Leonard Springer of Kearney, NE, states that two brothers, John Lewis and Thomas Lewis lived in Prince Georges County, MD, and that they were of Welch nationality. The diary, in brief, states that John first married Sarah Searce and they had nine children: John, Thomas, Nathan, Levi, Kessiah (who married Daniel Ketcham), Jemima, Elenar, Sarah and Tabitha Lewis. Sarah died about 1776 and in about 1780 John married Mary Ketcham, daughter of Joseph Ketcham and Gertrude Johnson, and sister of Kessiah's husband, Daniel Ketcham.

In 1778 in Washington County, MD, John signed the oath of allegiance in support of the Revolutionary cause. (Two of his descendents have obtained membership in the DAR on the basis of his patriotic service).

In the mid-1790's John and Mary Lewis left Maryland for Shelby County, KY, and the last two or three of their seven children were born in Kentucky. Their seven children were Deborah, Mary, John, Elizabeth, Isaac, Priscilla, and Daniel Johnson Lewis, Sr. John died ca. 1817 and it is thought that Mary may be the older female residing in 1830 in the home of her son, Isaac Lewis in Henry County, KY.

The pedigrees for Participant 73254 and Participant 18887 diverge at this point and will be presented below in separate sections under each participant's number:

Participant 73254:

Generation 4: Isaac Lewis, son of John Lewis and Mary Ketcham, was born ca. 1796 in Kentucky. Isaac was married three times in Henry County, KY, and his first two wives didn't live long. He md. Fanny Mahoney in 1818, Lewery Suddith in 1821, and Elizabeth Neves in 1828.

The 1820 census in Henry County is perplexing. Isaac Lewis is listed as head of household (near his brother Daniel Lewis), but Isaac himself is not placed in any age category for an adult male. Perhaps he was traveling and away from home. Fanny is listed as age 16-26, but there is also a female age 45-100 in the home, who may have been his widowed mother. It is possible that the male and female under age 10 belong to Isaac and Fanny, but there are two males age 10-16 that cannot belong to them. It is possible that they could be Isaac's children by an unknown prior marriage.

The census in 1830 has the appropriate ages for Isaac and Elizabeth and their six children, plus his two older daughters by Lewery Suddith (Sarah and Mary). However, there is also a male age 15-20 who cannot be placed. Therefore, it seems prudent to be aware of the possibility that Isaac Lewis may have had an older son.

In about 1838 Isaac and Elizabeth left Henry County, KY with his two daughters by Lewery Suddith and the oldest of six children born to Elizabeth Neves. They were enumerated on the 1840 census in Cole County, MO. They bought land in Cole County, but stayed less than a decade. While they were in Cole County, Isaac's two daughters by Lewery met their husbands, married, and stayed in Missouri. Both girls named their firstborn sons "Isaac."

Isaac and Elizabeth lived briefly in Stoddard County, MO, and by 1850 they had moved to Clinton County, IL, where they were enumerated with the nine children they had together: Hezekiah, Kesiah, Daniel, Lucretia, Deborah, Thomas, Joseph, Jacob and Jane Lewis.

The 1850 census in Clinton County, IL, is perplexing. Isaac was listed only two households away from a man named Alva Lewis, age 32, born in Ohio. Alva's name was the last one on one page, and the next page began with his presumed children, Joseph 7, Sarah 4, James 2, and Mary 7/12. Alva had married Jane Stephens in 1841 in Clinton County, so he was probably widowed.

Alva was enumerated on the 1860 Clinton County, IL, census, but the children he had with him did not match with those listed with him in 1850. Alva eventually moved to Johnson County, KS, where a biography for him was published. It listed his children as John W. and Augusta Jane Lewis, by his first wife, who died in 1849.

After considerable discussion among Lewis researchers, it has been concluded that the best explanation for the mismatching census records is that Isaac Lewis did have a son (or other close relative) living two doors away from him in 1850, who named his children Joseph, Sarah, James, and Mary Lewis. It is thought that somehow the census taker lost some notes or pages of his census, and when he assembled the final copy, he merged Alva Lewis (who was at the bottom of one page) with the children of Isaac Lewis' unknown relative (who appeared at the top of a different page). After further research, we have concluded that Alva was almost surely the son of a William Lewis of Ohio, but we do not know if William might have been a distant relative of our Isaac Lewis.

Isaac Lewis died after 1850 in Illinois, and by 1860 Elizabeth had moved to Johnson County, IL, with four of her children (indexed as Lonis). In 1860 she lived Jefferson County, IL, with her married daughter, Lucretia McCormick.

Generation 5: Daniel Lewis, born ca. 1834 in Kentucky, was the son of Isaac and Elizabeth Neves Lewis. He married Lucretia Jane Fields on 19 March 1856 in Jefferson County, IL. Daniel and Lucretia were enumerated in 1860 in Jefferson County, IL, with their infant son, Joseph H. Lewis. In 1870 he and "Jane" Lewis were enumerated in Johnson County, IL, but their son Joseph was not alive. In their home was Mallesa Modglin, age 17. A possible connection to the Modglin family is that Daniel's sister, Kesiah Lewis, married, John Vancleve Taylor, b. 1832, and he was a grandson of Thomas Taylor, Jr., and Chloe J. Modglin, according to records of Randy Lawrence Taylor. Daniel and Jane had no other children with them in 1870.

On the 1880 Jefferson County, IL, census, the only Lewis child in the home of Daniel and Lucretia was Daniel I. Lewis, age 8. Also in the home was Mahala C. Shrieves, age 14, born ca. 1866, who was listed as their adopted daughter. On this census Daniel listed the birthplace of his father as KY.

It appears that Daniel and Lucretia either did not have many children, or almost all of them died very young.

Generation 6: Daniel Isaiah Lewis was born 15 February 1872 in Jefferson County, IL. He married Emeretta E. Frost on 25 March 1892 in Jefferson County, and by 1910 they lived in Dunklin County, MO, where he was a general farmer. They moved to Craighead County, AR, before 1920, and by 1930 they lived near Jenks, Tulsa County, OK, where he was a truck farmer. Daniel told his children that most of his siblings had died young. Daniel and Emeretta enjoyed long lives, as told in the following account of their 60th wedding anniversary:

Observe sixtieth wedding anniversary
Tulsa County Pair to Mark
60th Anniversary Thursday

Mr. and Mrs. D. I Lewis, who live at Eighty first street and Lewis avenue, will observe their sixtieth wedding anniversary quietly at their home today. They'll hold open house Sunday in observance of the occasion and invite friends to see them.

Mr. and Mrs. Lewis, Tulsa residents since 1921, were married March 27, 1892, near Mount Vernon, Jefferson county, Ill, where both were born and reared. He was 20 and she was 19. They lived on a farm near Mount Vernon, in Texas, and in southeast Missouri before moving here.

Lewis farmed until recently and still raises berries, tends his garden, drives his car, and oversees work on his farm. Mrs. Lewis, also in good health, does all her housework and raises chickens. Both are members of the First Christian Church, Jenks.

They have three sons, Ivan C. Lewis, Vincent Lewis, and Henry Lewis. Their three daughters are Mrs. Ch. H. Risser, Mrs. Ethel Bear, and Mrs. Myrtle Keiffer. (Son Daniel predeceased this anniversary-MFS). They also have 14 grandchildren and 14 great-grandchildren. All their children except Henry plan to attend the open house party. (Accompanying photo), The Tulsa Tribune, Tulsa (OK), March 27, 1952.

Participant 18887:

Generation 4: Daniel Johnson Lewis, son of John Lewis and Mary Ketcham, was born 4 December 1799 in Kentucky. He married his first wife, Nancy Logan, on 18 May 1819 in Henry County, KY. They had one child, Mary, before Nancy died. Daniel moved to Marion County, IN, where he married Harriet Holstein on 24 October 1830. He moved to Quincy, Adams County, IL, by the mid-1840's, and then to Linn County, IA. Daniel was a remarkable man who lived to age 92. Following is the obituary that was published for him:


The death of Daniel Lewis, which occurred Sunday morning at 10 o`clock on the home farm north of Malvern, removes from the community one of the pioneers of Mills County, he having settled on the farm where he died August 7,1851 - a little more than forty years ago. Mr. Lewis was one of those sturdy, iron-constitutioned men who are often found on the frontier, the advance guards of civilization, whose powers of physical endurance are marvelous. Although born in the last century he retained all his faculties and saving that his steps were somewhat feeble and unsteady give (sic) little evidence of his advance age - of the heavy weight of years that rested upon him. All the older settlers in Mills County will remember Mr. Lewis, for he was here when most others came. A member of the family had kindly furnished The Leader the following facts concerning his earlier and late years.

Sunday morning at five minutes before 10 o'clock the light of life that had burned more than 92 years went out. Until his recent illness, which lasted more than six weeks, the venerable man was in full possession of his faculties, saving that his steps were enfeebled and unsteady. Six weeks ago he was taken down with something like a chill. Medical aid was promptly rendered, and loving hands kindly and lovingly cared for him, but the disease refused to let go until death claimed him. During the last days of his life he seemed to suffer no pain and his death was singularly easy - his life going out as a candle flame blown by a breath.

Daniel Lewis was a remarkable man, his mind being a perfect storehouse of facts from which he at will drew the most interesting incidents. He was born in Shelby County, Kentucky, Dec. 4,1799. While yet a young man he removed to the state of Indiana, living in the city of Indianapolis for a number of years. He then moved to Iowa before Iowa was admitted as a state, locating near Burlington. He again moved, once more westward, this time, August 7,1851, settling on the old home farm in Mills County where he continued to reside. He leaves a family of five sons; wife, and mother having preceeded (sic) him to the glory land almost a year ago. During the last days of his sickness he talked freely of his life beyond, saying that he was prepared to go and all things would be well; he could see them gathering together and that he was going to the land of rest.

The funeral services conducted by W.J. Watson at West Liberty Church were largely attended, consisting (sic) the almost impossible condition of the roads. Interment took place in the cemetery connected with this church. Malvern Leader, Malvern (IA), 7 January 1892, p. 5.

Daniel's children with Harriet were Margaret J., George Washington, Harriet, Daniel Johnson, Jr., Sarah Ann, Henry Clay, Thomas Jefferson, Zachary Taylor, Winfield Scott, and Millard Filmore Lewis.

Generation 5: Millard Filmore Lewis was born 25 August 1856 near Malvern, Mills County, IA. He married Martha A. Knight on 10 Dec 1876 in Mills County. Millard and Martha were the parents of four children: Harry Roscoe, Clara P., Frank, and Clarence Lewis. An 1881 biography for Millard appeared in the following publication:


Lewis, Millard F., A native of Mills county, Iowa, was born on the farm on which he now resides, August 25, 1856. Mr. L. is a son of Daniel Lewis, one of the earliest settlers of this county. He carries on farming on the old home. He was educated in the common school, and at Bryant`s business college, of St. Joseph, Missouri, and at Montague & Lillibridge business college, of Davenport, Iowa. He married Miss Mattie A. Knight, of Mills county, December 10, 1876 - a centennial marriage. One child, Harry, cheers their young hearts.

My deepest appreciation is extended to Brenda Lewis, Charlene Smith Lewis and Linda Walden whose tireless research resulted in locating many of the early wills and other documents listed above. Linda has an extensive Lewis website containing information about our Lewis family at I am also grateful to the following persons who have researched our family and been faithful collaborators: Greg Lewis, Jim Lewis, Darrall Lewis, Jackie Rhodes, Robin Johnson, Sterling Berry, Virginia L. Hatten, Brenda Underwood, Sarah Williams Trulock, Fred and Susan Uphoff, Gayle Kent, Ted Scott, Phyllis A. Cox, Tom Shawcross, Michael L. Cook, CG (author of Pioneer Lewis Families), Shirley Gunter, Patricia Staley, Phil Embree, Doris Walls, and Jerry Walls.

The official Lewis Y-Chromosome Study is coordinated by Janet Crain and as of January 2010, 552 men had participated. The Y-Chromosome results for the above lineage (with two participants) match each other, but do not match any of the other 550 participants. The results for all the participants may be viewed at Lewis DNA Study . Scroll to the bottom of the page to Test Results.

Last Updated on 2/7/2010
By Wallace W. Souder